Catching Our Eye
30,000 Eritreans abducted in five years
Around 30,000 Eritreans have been abducted since 2007 and taken to Egypt’s Sinai, where they face torture and ransom demands, according to a study presented to the European Parliament.
The study, conducted by an Eritrean human rights activist and professors from a Dutch University, says more than $600m has been accrued from families in ransom payments.
“[The hostages] are chained together without toilets or washing facilities and dehydrated, starved and deprived of sleep,” the report says. “They are subject to threats of death and organ harvesting... Those who attempt to escape are severely tortured.”
Sharia law enforced in Libya
Libya has voted to make sharia law the basis of all legislation.
Two years after the NATO-backed uprising that ousted Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is still in messy transition with no new constitution and its temporary assembly caught in deadlock between an Islamist party and political rivals.
As in Tunisia and Egypt where autocratic leaders were ousted in the Arab Spring revolts, Libya has seen fierce debate over the role of Islam in its new democracy with the rise of hardline Islamists long oppressed by Gaddafi
“Islamic law is the source of legislation in Libya,” the General National Congress said in a statement after the vote on Wednesday (Dec. 4). “All state institutions need to comply with this.”
Egypt's draft constitution explained
Egypt's Constituent Assembly declared on Monday that the draft of the country's proposed new constitution is ready for public review. A popular vote is intended within 30 days of Monday's release.
What's in it? The Washington, D.C.-based Atlantic Council has published a close study of the document, including a detailed examination of changes affecting religious freedom. In the draft, Islam remains the official state religion, and the principles of Sharia remain “the primary source of legislation", though the document no longer contains language that defines those principles and instead leaves the matter to the courts.