At least 12 worshippers were killed and many more were injured when suspected Fulani herdsmen opened fire on Easter Saturday (15 April) in a village in the Christian-dominated south of Nigeria’s Kaduna state.

The local Catholic bishop, Joseph Danlami Bagobiri of Kafanchan, accused the local governor, Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai, of complicity with the perpetrators of the violence and bias against their victims.

Suspected Fulani militias launched an attack on Asso village in the Jema’a Local Government Area at about 7pm. The heavily armed gunmen began shooting sporadically when they arrived in the village.

Bishop Bagobiri accused the local government of complicity with the Fulani herdsmen who have killed more than 800 people since 2011.

Bishop Bagobiri said in a statement: “The attack came when the people were in the church for the Easter Vigil celebration.” He said the gunmen killed “at least 12 persons on the spot, with many injured.”

According to Nigerian media, the dead and wounded included women and children.

An eyewitness said Saturday’s attack in Asso lasted for about 30 minutes and that the assailants fled before the security personnel deployed to the area arrived.

Bishop Bagobiri said that he and the priest in Asso, Fr. Alexander Yayock, presided over the burial of “at least 10 Catholics” on Easter Day. He added that he was “by conscience compelled” to issue a statement about the incident, in which he accused the Kaduna state government and its leader, Governor El-Rufai, of long-standing “complicity and bias” against the victims of the violence.

Bishop Bagobiri has sought to raise awareness of the conflict and its causes.

The bishop stated: “He unabashedly takes sides with the armed herdsmen (his kinsmen), thereby failing in his responsibility as a true statesman, becoming therefore a biased umpire who blames and criminalises southern Kaduna victims as the cause of the mayhem.”

He suggested that antagonism between Fulanis and Christians was being incited by political leaders, noting that ordinary differences between herders and farmers “have assumed an unprecedented height under the current government, with the use of very sophisticated weapons of destruction”. He continued: “We are witnessing … the transfer of a hate mentality from a handful of people in leadership within the state to an entire ethnic group, with disastrous consequences.”

On Monday (17 April), Governor El-Rufai’s office issued a statement, asking communities to support the military by giving them information about the Fulani herdsmen’s hideouts as part of a special month-long operation that started yesterday (19 April).

Since 2011, Kaduna, which sits at the interface between the largely Muslim north of the country and the Christian south, has been the site of ongoing attacks by Muslim Fulani herdsmen on mainly Christian local agriculturalists. More than 800 people were killed in attacks in southern Kaduna between 2011 and 2016, according to the diocese of Kafanchan, although the Nigerian police dispute the figures, and thousands have lost their homes and livelihoods. Some analysts say the attackers include criminal elements, armed robbers and kidnappers.

Representatives of NOSCEF brought food aid to help victims of the attack.

One local resident, Samuel Adamu, told World Watch Monitor by telephone that people had “completely lost confidence” in the security personnel. “Herdsmen keep on attacking us right under their nose and nothing happens,” he said, adding: “Our people now have no option other than to defend themselves against these attacks.”

Even before Easter Saturday’s attack, the chairman of the Christian Association of Nigeria in southern Kaduna, Venerable John Bwankwot, warned that victims of the violence were facing a serious threat of hunger and starvation and that churches in the area were facing a humanitarian crisis.

Commenting after a delivery of food aid by the leadership of the Northern States Christian Elders Forum on 10 April, he said victims whose homes had been razed had lost everything, including clothing and other essentials.

Women who have been displaced from their homes by the violence in Kaduna. Some families there have lost everything.

Mr. Bwankwot told World Watch Monitor by telephone: “Our people cannot go to farm because the herdsmen were still in the hideouts in the bushes … As the farming season approaches, we don’t know how people can eke a living, as we are predominantly peasant farmers.”

He said requests by local residents to clear herdsmen from their hideouts in the bush had previously fallen on deaf ears, because the military said they only take orders from their superiors.

A delegation from the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria also visited Kaduna shortly before the latest attack, to express solidarity and bring aid to the victims of previous attacks. Jos Archbishop Ignatius Ayau Kaigama, who led the delegation, said: “We must constantly appeal to the sensibilities of our political leaders not to be seen to promote the interest of any particular group but to be neutral and seek the common things that will promote unity, fairness and equity in the country.”