Christians from northern Mali, displaced by the violence, are settling and building homes in the south. (Photo: World Watch Monitor)
Christians from northern Mali build new homes in the south, having been displaced by the violence that started in 2012 (Photo: World Watch Monitor)

Sory* was threatened by Islamists when they heard about his work at a church in Djalloube, central Mali, and fled, leaving his family traumatised.

“I started to face serious problems when the Islamists heard about me and the conversion of some of the people [from Islam to Christianity],” Sory says. “They sent me warnings through friends, telling me to stop talking about Jesus or risk getting killed. They said they knew it was easy to kill Christians because [Christians] don’t have any weapons. They can simply be slaughtered.”

Sory remembers how not long after that the jihadists attacked security forces stationed in the forests and killed an officer near where he lived. “Neighbours warned me that they were also looking for me. I did not waste a moment, but fled immediately,” he recalls. “My wife and children stayed behind with my neighbour.”

He says he didn’t even take the time to put shoes on and that, after a while, his feet were full of thorns. “I was in so much pain that I couldn’t walk any further. In the end, I tore some fabric from my trousers and tied that around my feet to continue going,” he says.

The next morning his wife called him, asking him to come back as she feared for his safety in the forest. After receiving reassurance from his neighbours that the attackers had left, he went home to his wife and children.

“They were badly traumatised by the incident,” he says. “One of my daughters still struggles to forget what happened and whenever she hears a vehicle outside the house, she flees indoors and clings to us.”

Since the incident in April, Sory and his family have moved to another area.


Until the 2012 coup by Islamist groups and their subsequent defeat, the cohabitation between the Muslim majority and religious minorities in Mali, mostly Christians and animists, had been peaceful.

Christians were involved in government and business, and enjoyed widespread freedoms, including foreign Christian missionaries, who were also in the north.

But the situation dramatically changed with the 2012 capture of the northern part of the country by Tuareg separatist rebels and Islamist fighters.

Despite a 2015 peace deal with the government, self-proclaimed jihadist armed groups continue to pose a threat to Christians and other minority groups, especially in northern and central parts of the country that are not controlled by the state.

Jihadist groups have since then regained ground and intensified attacks, targeting Mali security forces and UN peacekeepers. Their scope has spread to southern regions previously spared by their incursions.

Following the “dramatic” deterioration in security, in October World Watch Monitor reported a fresh wave of attacks against Catholics in central Mali at the hands of gunmen believed to be jihadists.

Since 2012 the country has become even less hospitable to foreigners including missionaries and aid workers.

In July a coalition of jihadist groups affiliated to Al-Qaeda released a video showing six foreign hostages, including three missionaries from Colombia, Switzerland and Australia.

Mali is number 32 on the 2017 Open Doors World Watch List of the 50 countries where it is most difficult to live as a Christian.

*Name changed for security reasons